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Water Supply and Sanitation Coverage Figures - 1996

Content

Water and sanitation coverage

Africa
Latin America & Caribbean
Asia & Pacific
Western Asia

Coverage by region

Perspectives to year 2000

Coverage maps

Sanitation
Water supply

 

Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Monitoring Report 1996
- Sector status as of 31 December 1994-



World Health Organisation
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
United Nations Children Fund


Published by the World Health Organisation
Publication WHO/EOS/96.15

Photo credit: UNICEF: Carolyn Watson

 

Preface

This is the third report since the start of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). The previous ones were published in November 1992 (reporting on the later supply and sanitation situation at the end of 1990 - the Baseline Year) and August 1993 (recording the situation at the end of 1991).

This document contains maps, charts and tables developed from data on sector coverage, management and funding received from a total of 84 developing countries during the period September 1994 to June 1 995. The figures supplied relate in the main to the years 1993 and 1994 though in some cases countries were only able to supply data from earlier years.

The new information can be compared with data provided in the first and second reports. In that way the data can help to indicate trends and developments during the first half of the 1990s. The comparisons must necessarily be treated with some caution as, in some cases, there are evident inconsistencies in the data reported in the different years. Also, the formats used by governments in their latest reporting differed somewhat from those used for the previous two reports. This document takes account of these changes and points out the effects of these variations in the reported data where relevant.

WHO and UNICEF thank the countries for their continued efforts in improving the monitoring, accuracy and reporting of data, and thereby helping to fulfil the goal that by the end of the decade a reliable system will have been fully implemented.

 

Water and sanitation coverage (% of population served) - 1994

AFRICA

Water supply coverage (%) Sanitation coverage (%)
  1994 pop Ref.            
Country ('000) year Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total
Angola 10,674 1994 69 15 32 34 8 16
Benin 5,096 1993 41 53 50 54 6 20
Burkina Faso 9,772 1993 NA NA 78 42 11 18
Burundi 5,847 1992 92 49 52 60 50 51
Cape Verde 350 1991 70 34 51 40 10 24
Cent African Rep 3,001 1991 18 18 18 NA NA 46
Chad 6,183 1994 48 17 24 73 7 21
Cote d'Ivoire 13,780 1994 59 81 72 59 51 54
Djibouti 557 1993 77 100 90 77 100 90
Egypt 60,319 1993 82 50 64 20 5 11
Equatorial Guinea 389 1994 88 100 95 61 48 54
Gambia 1,042 1993 NA NA 76 83 23 37
Ghana 16,944 1994 70 49 56 53 36 42
Guinea 6,501 1994 61 62 62 NA NA 70
Guinea Bissau 1,050 1994 38 57 53 32 17 20
Kenya 26,391 1993 67 49 53 69 81 77
Lesotho 1,996 1994 14 64 52 1 7 6
Liberia 2,941 1994 58 8 30 38 2 18
Madagascar 14,303 1994 83 10 28 50 3 15
Malawi 10,843 1994 52 44 45 70 51 83
Mali 10,135 1993 36 38 37 58 21 31
Mauritania 2,106 1992 84 69 76 NA NA NA
Mauritius 1,057 1990 95 100 98 100 100 100
Morocco 26,945 1993 98 14 52 69 18 40
Mozambique 15,527 1994 17 40 32 70 NA NA
Namibia 1,385 1991 87 42 57 77 12 34
Niger 8,846 1994 46 55 53 71 4 15
Nigeria 105,264 1993 63 26 39 61 21 36
Senegal 7,902 1993 82 28 50 83 40 58
Sierra Leone 4,402 1994 58 21 34 17 8 11
South Africa 40,555 1994 NA NA 70 79 12 48
Sudan 26,641 1993 66 45 50 79 4 22
Swaziland 809 1993 41 44 43 36 37 36
Togo 3,763 1992 74 58 63 57 13 26
Tunisia 8,407 1992 100 89 99 100 85 96
Uganda 20,621 1994 47 32 34 75 55 57
Zaire 39,939 1992 37 23 27 23 4 9
Zambia 9,198 1994 64 27 43 40 10 23

 

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Water supply coverage (%) Sanitation coverage (%)
  1994 pop Ref.            
Country ('000) year Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total
Belize 210 1994 96 82 88 23 87 57
Bolivia 6,893 1992 78 22 55 58 16 41
Brazil 146,825 1991 85 31 72 55 3 44
Chile 13,600 1992 94 37 85 82 NA NA
Colombia 33,985 1993 88 48 76 76 33 83
Costa Rica 3,192 1992 85 99 92 85 99 92
Cuba 10,960 1994 96 85 93 71 51 66
Dominican Rep 7,543 1993 74 67 71 76 83 78
Ecuador 10,980 1993 82 55 70 87 34 64
El Salvador 5,517 1993 78 37 55 78 59 66
Guyana 808 1992 90 45 81 82 80 81
Haiti 7,035 1994 37 23 28 42 16 24
Honduras 5,493 1994 81 53 65 81 53 65
Mexico 90,027 1993 91 62 83 81 26 66
Nicaragua 4,255 1994 81 27 61 34 27 31
Panama 2,491 1992 NA NA 83 NA NA 88
Peru 22,886 1993 74 24 60 62 10 44
Venezuela 19,502 1990 80 75 79 64 30 58

 

ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

Water supply coverage (%) Sanitation coverage (%)
  1994 pop Ref.            
Country ('000) year Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total
Afghanistan 18,870 1994 39 5 12 38 1 8
Bangladesh 117,787 1994 100 97 97 77 30 35
Bhutan 600 1994 75 54 94 66 18 41
China 1,196,360 1993 93 89 90 58 7 21
Fiji 758 1993 100 100 100 100 85 92
India 918,570 1994 85 79 81 70 14 29
Indonesia 191,671 1993 78 54 62 73 40 51
Iran 62,507 1992 89 77 83 69 37 87
Kiribati 76 1993 100 100 100 100 100 100
Lao PDR 4,605 1993 40 39 39 70 13 24
Maldives 238 1993 98 86 89 95 26 44
Micronesia 118 1993 100 100 100 100 100 100
Myanmar 44,596 1993 36 39 38 42 40 41
Nepal 19,755 1991 66 41 44 51 16 20
Niue 2 1993 100 100 100 100 100 100
Pakistan 136,645 1994 77 52 60 53 19 30
Papua New Guinea 4,110 1993 84 17 28 82 11 22
Philippines 63,427 1992 93 77 85 87 67 77
Sri Lanka 17,671 1992 43 47 46 33 58 52
Tokelau 2 1993 100 100 100 100 100 100
Tonga 98 1993 100 100 100 100 100 100
Tuvalu 9 1993 100 95 97 90 85 87
Vietnam 72,931 1994 53 32 36 43 15 21

 

WESTERN ASIA

Water supply coverage (%) Sanitation coverage (%)
  1994 pop Ref.            
Country ('000) year Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total
Iraq 19,925 1994 NA NA 44 NA NA 36
Jordan 4,443 1991 NA NA 89 NA NA 95
Lebanon 3,700 1994 100 100 100 100 100 100
Oman 1,909 1992 NA NA 63 NA NA 76
Syrian Arab Rep 13,696 1993 92 78 85 77 35 58

Water and sanitation coverage by region 1990 - 1994

 

1990
(population In million.)

1994

(population In millions)

 

Total

Pop Pop % Total Pop Pop %
 

pop

served unserved coverage pop served unserved coverage
GLOBAL                
Urban water

1389

1145 244 82 1594 1315 279 82
Rural water

2682

1342 1340 50 2789 1953 836 70
Total water

4071

2487 1584 61 4383 3268 1115 75
Urban san

1389

936 453 67 1594 1005 589 68
Rural san

2682

536 2148 20 2789 505 2284 18
Total san

4071

1472 2599 36 4383 1510 2873 34
AFRICA                
Urban water

201

135 86 67 239 153 86 64
Rural water

432

153 279 35 468 173 295 37
Total water

633

288 345 45 707 326 381 46
Urban san

201

130 71 65 239 131 108 55
Rural san

432

99 333 23 468 112 356 24
Total san

633

229 404 36 707 243 464 34
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN            
Urban water

314

282 32 90 348 306 42 88
Rural water

126

64 62 51 125 70 55 58
Total water

440

346 94 79 473 376 97 79
Urban san

314

262 52 83 348 254 94 73
Rural san

126

42 84 33 125 42 83 34
Total san

440

304 136 69 473 296 177 63

ASIA AND THE PACIFIC

             
Urban water

829

689 140 83 955 805 150 84
Rural water

2097

1108 989 53 2167 1690 477 78
Total water

2926

1797 1129 61 3122 2495 627 80
Urban san

829

513 316 62 955 584 371 61
Rural san

2097

379 1718 18 2167 332 1835 15
Total san

2926

892 2034 30 3122 916 2206 29
WESTERN ASIA                
Urban water

45

39 6 87 52 51 1 98
Rural water

27

17 10 63 29 20 9 69
Total water

72

56 16 78 81 71 10 88
Urban san

45

31 14 66 52 36 16 69
Rural san

27

16 11 60 29 19 10 66
Total san

72

47 25 65 81 55 26 66

 

Coverage perspectives to the year 2000

Click on the diagram to download a larger scale version

Coverage Maps

Sanitation at the end of 1994

Water Supply at the end of 1994


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